Like man and woman, like the yin and yang, the positive and negative, the light and darkness, everything in this universe is interdependent, absence of any one of them will result in the unbalance of the system. Likewise, every field of studies, every technology, everything is entwined together for its existence. Robotics is the field of engineering which make use of mechanical, electrical, electronics, computer science engineering together to make a system to design and fabricate of robots to do a specified task. There are colleges which offer specialized degree in robotics and we can find majority of colleges offering robotics degree after clearing the JEE Mains and other entrance exams.
Robotics finds applications in almost every field especially Medicine. You might be wondering what does robotics has to do with those who aspire to become doctors by clearing NEET Entrance Exam 2018 or other exams, or the ones pursuing studies in medicine or the ones who already is a doctor. Medicine is a field where technology is widely applied. All those complicated machineries, scanners are all by-products of engineering. Robotic equipment’s are employed to improve precision, which is the most factor in medical field.
Usage of Robots in Medicinal Field
The Different Type of Robots Used In Medicine: Surgical Robots, Rehabilitation Robots, Telepresence Robots, Pharmacy Automation, Disinfection Robots.
Such robots are made with the purpose of assisting human doctors in surgeries. It is a computer-assisted surgery equipment which uses robotic systems to overcome the limitations of pre-existing minimally-invasive surgical procedures. In case of minimally-invasive surgical procedures. Instead of directly moving the instruments, the surgeon uses one of two methods to control the instruments; either a through computer control or by direct telemanipulator. Robotic arms act as the end effectors which interacts with the patient.
Rehabilitation is the branch of medicines which aims in enhancing and restoring the functional ability along with the quality of life to those who have had some debilitating injuries such as traumatic brain injury, amputation, stroke, spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation robotics is a field of research which deals with collaborating rehabilitation through the use of robotic devices. Rehabilitation robotics tailored for assisting different functions of such as arm, hand, leg, ankle, and the expansion of different orders of assisting therapeutic training, and calculation of ability to move of patient.
Doctors use these types of robots to help them inspect and treat patients in far locations. “The Doctors can be on call, via the robot, to answer questions and treat the patients being at remote locations. Telerobotics helps controlling the semi-autonomous robots from a distance, mainly making use Wireless network such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or even the tethered connections.
Medical Transportation Robots or Pharmacy Automation
Supplies, medications, and meals are transported to patients and staff by with the help of these robots, which helps in better communication between doctors, hospital staff members, and patients. These machines have highly dedicated capabilities for self-navigation as pre-defined within its work envelope. They either use beacon based communication system or even Line following robotic system for commutation. Pharmacy automation deals with storage and dispensing of medicines with the help of automated system. This helps in better inventory control and prevents counterfeiting of medicines.
There is a rapid increase in diseases caused by bacteria and viruses, not only they are dangerous, some are even resistant to antibiotics. So, it is necessary to disinfect healthcare facilities as clean and safe as possible. These kind of robots helps in disinfecting a large area of room within minutes and with maximum efficiency. The most commonly used methods in sanitizing are using pulses of an intense rich in UV-C light and hydrogen peroxide vapors.
The future applications of robotics in the field of medicine possess limitless possibilities. Imagine a robotic system, that can instantly scan and undertake surgery at the same instance even without the involvement of human physicians, the scale of therapeutic techniques that can be used in robots are far more than we could Imagine. Existing technologies are combined with medicine to improve the overall efficiency of mainstream healthcare operations. While at the same instance, undeveloped robotic technologies are being harnessed to enable captivating revolutions in medical care
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